Currently, earthquake resistant houses are one of the most sought after housing. This is certainly because of the many earthquakes that occurred in various regions. On average, earthquakes strike cities in Indonesia two to three times a day.
Although earthquakes are still small in scale, this is something to watch out for, especially if you live near a beach or a volcano. Material losses can occur when a house or building is shaken by an earthquake.
Now that modern technology has been developed to build earthquake resistant structures, you don’t have to worry. The building with earthquake resistant construction has characteristics that can protect you from injuries, minor injuries to property loss.
So, do you want to learn more about the characteristics and principles of these earthquake resistant houses? If so, let’s read more below.
9 Earthquake Resistant House Principles
If you want to build an earthquake resistant house foundation, then the materials to the building design need to be considered. Here we have summarized 9 tips for building a strong earthquake resistant house.
Type of soil
When you want to build a house, the first thing to do is choose the type of soil. Soil types are divided into 2 groups, namely hard soil and soft soil or weak soil.
Soft and porous soil is too dangerous to build a house or building and must be compacted first. We recommend choosing a hard soil type with coarse components such as loamy sand, sandy gravel and consolidated soil. Also avoid building a house on a steep slope, because you can be sure the soil is soft.
Structural Special Foundation Design
When constructing a building, one of the most important things to consider is to build an earthquake-resistant house foundation.
To avoid damage, a special base can be built with the right framework to transmit the building load to the ground. There are various types of foundations to support the load-bearing structure of the house, one of which is a running shoe foundation.
For houses built with earthquake resistant structures and houses with 2 floors, a running shoe foundation is considered very ideal. The number of floors built and the height measured are the two most important factors in determining the foundation load.
Taller buildings will feel greater earthquake shocks. For that, do the calculations before planning the structure so that the building is safer during an earthquake.
The design of the building with a symmetrical structure is able to maintain the balance of the building. More complex designs are more earthquake resistant than simple symmetrical designs with normal shapes. Large torsional forces can be experienced by asymmetrically or intricately constructed buildings during earthquakes.
Use of Reinforced Concrete
It is important to take into account the nature of the building materials used in construction. The use of reinforced steel with concrete is an ideal combination in the construction of earthquake-resistant house designs. This combination is not only strong and resistant, but also very flexible to prevent damage to buildings during an earthquake.
Flexible Building Structure
A good building structure has a carrying capacity with a dynamic style and is quite flexible. From foundations to walls, buildings that are less flexible and rigid are more likely to crack and break quickly during an earthquake.
Custom Utility Installation
The selection of pipes must be elastic and strong so that they are not easily broken and avoid gas or water leakage during an earthquake. The type of utility you should avoid is metal because it is easily corrosive and not shockproof. It is highly recommended for you to choose utilities made of plastic.
Limited Masonry Structure
The use of reinforced concrete frame wall systems and insulated walls is an important aspect of earthquake-resistant house design. The wall structure is limited to using bricks that are tied or equipped with fastening elements on all four sides of the wall.
Reinforced concrete beams and columns are the bonding elements to reinforce the brickwork and are generally 3-4 meters apart from the wall. This is done so that the walls are stronger during an earthquake so that the walls do not experience large cracks.
There is basic insulation that is able to dampen vibrations caused by an earthquake which is designed as an earthquake resistant approach, which is in addition to the construction above.
Earthquake Resistant Home Care
Make sure to always check the structure of the building both inside and outside after the construction of an earthquake-resistant house is completed. This also applies to houses built in areas where earthquakes frequently occur.
After an earthquake shocks on a small or large scale, be sure to carry out regular home maintenance. Maintenance includes inspection of floor slabs, restoration of insulation on walls, roofs and foundations, as well as internal and external leaks.
This treatment is very important to maintain and maintain the safety of the house in the event of a large earthquake.
The explanation above is suitable for those of you who intend to build a house in an earthquake-prone area. Hopefully this article can be useful for you. Find articles about other home and construction tips only on the House blog.